Technical Information

Revised Thermocouple Reference Tables

TYPE
T
Reference Tables N.I.S.T.

Monograph 175

Revised to ITS-90

°C

Copper
vs.
Copper-Nickel

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE RANGE
Thermocouple Grade

– 328 to 662°F
– 200 to 350°C
Extension Grade
– 76 to 212°F
– 60 to 100°C
LIMITS OF ERROR
(whichever is greater)
Standard: 1.0°C or 0.75% Above 0°C
1.0°C or 1.5% Below 0°C
Special: 0.5°C or 0.4%
COMMENTS, BARE WIRE ENVIRONMENT:
Mild Oxidizing, Reducing Vacuum or Inert; Good
Where Moisture Is Present; Low Temperature
and Cryogenic Applications
TEMPERATURE IN DEGREES °C
REFERENCE JUNCTION AT 0°C

Thermoelectric Voltage in Millivolts

°C -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 °C
-260-6.258-6.256-6.255-6.253-6.251-6.248-6.245-6.242-6.239-6.236-6.232-260
-250-6.232-6.228-6.223-6.219-6.214-6.209-6.204-6.198-6.193-6.187-6.180-250
-240-6.180-6.174-6.167-6.160-6.153-6.146-6.138-6.130-6.122-6.114-6.105-240
-230-6.105-6.096-6.087-6.078-6.068-6.059-6.049-6.038-6.028-6.017-6.007-230
-220-6.007-5.996-5.985-5.973-5.962-5.950-5.938-5.926-5.914-5.901-5.888-220
-210-5.888-5.876-5.863-5.850-5.836-5.823-5.809-5.795-5.782-5.767-5.753-210
-200-5.753-5.739-5.724-5.710-5.695-5.680-5.665-5.650-5.634-5.619-5.603-200
-190-5.603-5.587-5.571-5.555-5.539-5.523-5.506-5.489-5.473-5.456-5.439-190
-180-5.439-5.421-5.404-5.387-5.369-5.351-5.334-5.316-5.297-5.279-5.261-180
-170-5.261-5.242-5.224-5.205-5.186-5.167-5.148-5.128-5.109-5.089-5.070-170
-160-5.070-5.050-5.030-5.010-4.989-4.969-4.949-4.928-4.907-4.886-4.865-160
-150-4.865-4.844-4.823-4.802-4.780-4.759-4.737-4.715-4.693-4.671-4.648-150
-140-4.648-4.626-4.604-4.581-4.558-4.535-4.512-4.489-4.466-4.443-4.419-140
-130-4.419-4.395-4.372-4.348-4.324-4.300-4.275-4.251-4.226-4.202-4.177-130
-120-4.177-4.152-4.127-4.102-4.077-4.052-4.026-4.000-3.975-3.949-3.923-120
-110-3.923-3.897-3.871-3.844-3.818-3.791-3.765-3.738-3.711-3.684-3.657-110
-100-3.657-3.629-3.602-3.574-3.547-3.519-3.491-3.463-3.435-3.407-3.379-100
-90-3.379-3.350-3.322-3.293-3.264-3.235-3.206-3.177-3.148-3.118-3.089-90
-80-3.089-3.059-3.030-3.000-2.970-2.940-2.910-2.879-2.849-2.818-2.788-80
-70-2.788-2.757-2.726-2.695-2.664-2.633-2.602-2.571-2.539-2.507-2.476-70
-60-2.476-2.444-2.412-2.380-2.348-2.316-2.283-2.251-2.218-2.186-2.153-60
-50-2.153-2.120-2.087-2.054-2.021-1.987-1.954-1.920-1.887-1.853-1.819-50
-40-1.819-1.785-1.751-1.717-1.683-1.648-1.614-1.579-1.545-1.510-1.475-40
-30-1.475-1.440-1.405-1.370-1.335-1.299-1.264-1.228-1.192-1.157-1.121-30
-20-1.121-1.085-1.049-1.013-0.976-0.940-0.904-0.867-0.830-0.794-0.757-20
-10-0.757-0.720-0.683-0.646-0.608-0.571-0.534-0.496-0.459-0.421-0.383-10
0-0.383-0.345-0.307-0.269-0.231-0.193-0.154-0.116-0.077-0.0390.0000
°C -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 °C

°C 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 °C
00.0000.0390.0780.1170.1560.1950.2340.2730.3120.3520.3910
100.3910.4310.4700.5100.5490.5890.6290.6690.7090.7490.79010
200.7900.8300.8700.9110.9510.9921.0331.0741.1141.1551.19620
301.1961.2381.2791.3201.3621.4031.4451.4861.5281.5701.61230
401.6121.6541.6961.7381.7801.8231.8651.9081.9501.9932.03640
502.0362.0792.1222.1652.2082.2512.2942.3382.3812.4252.46850
602.4682.5122.5562.6002.6432.6872.7322.7762.8202.8642.90960
702.9092.9532.9983.0433.0873.1323.1773.2223.2673.3123.35870
803.3583.4033.4483.4943.5393.5853.6313.6773.7223.7683.81480
903.8143.8603.9073.9533.9994.0464.0924.1384.1854.2324.27990
1004.2794.3254.3724.4194.4664.5134.5614.6084.6554.7024.750100
1104.7504.7984.8454.8934.9414.9885.0365.0845.1325.1805.228110
1205.2285.2775.3255.3735.4225.4705.5195.5675.6165.6655.714120
1305.7145.7635.8125.8615.9105.9596.0086.0576.1076.1566.206130
1406.2066.2556.3056.3556.4046.4546.5046.5546.6046.6546.704140
1506.7046.7546.8056.8556.9056.9567.0067.0577.1077.1587.209150
1607.2097.2607.3107.3617.4127.4637.5157.5667.6177.6687.720160
1707.7207.7717.8237.8747.9267.9778.0298.0818.1338.1858.237170
1808.2378.2898.3418.3938.4458.4978.5508.6028.6548.7078.759180
1908.7598.8128.8658.9178.9709.0239.0769.1299.1829.2359.288190
2009.2889.3419.3959.4489.5019.5559.6089.6629.7159.7699.822200
2109.8229.8769.9309.98410.03810.09210.14610.20010.25410.30810.362210
22010.36210.41710.47110.52510.58010.63410.68910.74310.79810.85310.907220
23010.90710.96211.01711.07211.12711.18211.23711.29211.34711.40311.458230
24011.45811.51311.56911.62411.68011.73511.79111.84611.90211.95812.013240
25012.01312.06912.12512.18112.23712.29312.34912.40512.46112.51812.574250
26012.57412.63012.68712.74312.79912.85612.91212.96913.02613.08213.139260
27013.13913.19613.25313.31013.36613.42313.48013.53713.59513.65213.709270
28013.70913.76613.82313.88113.93813.99514.05314.11014.16814.22614.283280
29014.28314.34114.39914.45614.51414.57214.63014.68814.74614.80414.862290
30014.86214.92014.97815.03615.09515.15315.21115.27015.32815.38615.445300
31015.44515.50315.56215.62115.67915.73815.79715.85615.91415.97316.032310
32016.03216.09116.15016.20916.26816.32716.38716.44616.50516.56416.624320
33016.62416.68316.74216.80216.86116.92116.98017.04017.10017.15917.219330
34017.21917.27917.33917.39917.45817.51817.57817.63817.69817.75917.819340
35017.81917.87917.93917.99918.06018.12018.18018.24118.30118.36218.422350
36018.42218.48318.54318.60418.66518.72518.78618.84718.90818.96919.030360
37019.03019.09119.15219.21319.27419.33519.39619.45719.51819.57919.641370
38019.64119.70219.76319.82519.88619.94720.00920.07020.13220.19320.255380
39020.25520.31720.37820.44020.50220.56320.62520.68720.74820.81020.872390
°C 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 °C
  • Calculator
  • Standard Flow Rate (SCFM) Calculator

    Calculate the SCFM.

    Power Flowrate Calculator

    Calculate the electrical power, flow rate or temperature requirement.

    Temperature Conversion

    Fill in one value to calculate the other.

    Ohms Law Calculator

    Fill in two values to find the other two.

    Pressure Conversion

    Fill in one value to calculate the other.

    Three Phase Unit Calculator

    Fill in two values to find the 3rd.

    Single Phase Unit Calculator

    Fill in two values to find the 3rd.

    Parallel Resistance Calculator

    Calculate the total resistance in ohms of resistors that are in parallel by entering the value of each below.

    Series Resistance Calculator

    Calculate the resistance in ohms of resistors connected in series by entering the value of each.

    Copyright © 2022 Convectronics. All Rights Reserved.